BI Cinisello Balsamo
Postato il: 09/02/18
Tempo di lettura: 2 minuti, 51 secondi
Past or modern English characters with in common their love for the country.
Queen Victoria (1819 - 1901)
Queen Victoria is associated with a great age of industrial revolution, economic progress and the expansion of empire. She ascended the throne at the modest age of 18, and became the second longest reigning monarch in British history, beaten only by her great-great-granddaughter, the current Queen, Elizabeth II. In 1840 she married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; when he died in 1861 she sank into a deep depression, and wore only black for the rest of her reign. Under Victoria’s rule there were advances in science and technology, and Britain’s empire expanded to encompass Canada, Australia, India and various countries in Africa and the South Pacific. Victoria became the Empress of India in 1877, and was hugely popular with her people, as she became a symbol of empire and progress for the country.
Emmeline Pankhurst (1858 – 1928)
Emmeline Pankhurst was a leading women’s rights advocate who played a key role in the suffrage movement. In 1903, she created the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), focused on securing women’s right to vote. The group’s members were the first to be dubbed suffragettes, and the group gained notoriety throughout the country for its activities. Pankhurst was arrested for her demonstrations on many occasions throughout the years, and was subject to violent force-feeding by the government after going on hunger strikes. When the country went to war in 1914 Pankhurst encouraged women to support the war effort. Women’s contributions during this time lead the British government to give them limited voting rights. Pankhurst did not live to see it, but on July 2 1928, Parliament finally gave women voting rights on a par with men’s.
Sir Winston Churchill (1874 – 1965)
As Prime Minister during WWII, Winston Churchill led the country to victory against Adolf Hitler and his forces. He was part of a minority that disagreed with the government’s original policy of appeasement towards Hitler, voicing concern about the militarisation of the German army and demanding action be taken. In 1940 he became Prime Minister, his speeches kept morale around the country high in the face of invasion. He led Britain through the Blitz and the Battle of Britain, meeting with soldiers and factory workers and visiting towns that had been damaged by bombs. In 1945, Nazi Germany was defeated, and Churchill’s legacy still stands as Britain’s greatest wartime leader.
Diana, Princess of Wales (1961 – 1997)
Known as The People’s Princess, Diana married the heir to the British throne, Prince Charles, in 1981. In many ways Diana encompassed the burgeoning age of celebrity, as she lived and died at the scrutiny of an increasingly intrusive media presence. Loved by the public for her down-to-earth attitude and the sense of accessibility she brought to the royal family, Diana was involved with dozens of charities. She was famous for her work in publicising the plight of people with AIDS, and championing the cause to end the use of landmines. The breakup of her marriage to Prince Charles in 1996 was highly publicised in the media. Diana died in a car crash whilst being chased by paparazzi at the age of 36. She is survived by her two sons, William and Harry.